The problem of universality is an ancient problem in metaphysics as to whether universality exists. The problem comes from trying to take into account the phenomenon of similarity or the agreement of attribute between things.  For example, grass and granny Smith are similar to apples or match in attributes, i.e. in green. The question is how to take this type of agreement into account in the attribute among things. In metaphysics, the universal is what certain things have in common, that is, characteristics or qualities. In other words, universal entities are reproducible or recurrent entities that can be inseucized or illustrated by many specific things.  Suppose there are two chairs in a room, each of which is green. These two chairs share both the quality of the „serenity“ as well as the green or the quality of the greenery; In other words, they share a „universal.“ There are three main types of properties or properties: species or species (e.g.B. mammals), properties (z.B. short, strong) and relationships (for example. B father`s, next door). These are all different types of universals.
 Universale was published by the kings and government authorities of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In the Commonwealth, a universal letter from the king could be read publicly to refer to important events or a legal act of the king concerning economic, military or religious affairs. Universals have also been routinely used to call the szlachta to gather for a Sejm, or to report for ruszenie pospolite (or common tax). Universals could also be issued by senior Commonwealth officials, such as Hetmans, who command the armed forces, or Voievodes, which oversee a voivody. One of the most important universals was the Uniwersaa Poaniecki, published in 1794 by Tadeusz Kosciuszko, who heralded the end of hilarity. Universal (Polish: Uniwersa, Ukrainian): is a historical term that means an official proclamation or a legislative act. During several historical periods, the Polish and Ukrainian authorities have published universals. The name comes from the Latin universal litterae, which means universal publication for all. The term was recently revived in modern Ukraine, where Universal Iron Unity, a multi-party political agreement signed on 3 August 2006, ended a parliamentary crisis. Paradigmatic, universalities are abstract (for example. B humanity), while the peculiarities are concrete (for example.
B Socrates` personality). However, universality is not necessarily abstract and the details are not necessarily concrete.  You could say, for example. B, that numbers are specific objects, but abstract. Similarly, some philosophers, such as D.M. Armstrong, consider universality to be concrete. The principle of Ness ity-hood is mainly used by English-speaking philosophers to generate comfortable and concise names for universal properties or properties.  According to the Ness Ity Hood principle, a name can be created for each universal name by taking the name of the predicate and adding the suffix „ness,“ „ity“ or „hood.“ For example, the universal, characteristic of left-handers, can be formed by taking the „left-handed“ predicate and adding „ness,“ which gives the name „left-hander.“ The principle is most useful in cases where there is no established name or standard of the universal in ordinary English usage: what is the universal distinction of smarker chairs called? „Chair“ in English is used not only as a theme (as in „The Chair Is Broken“), but also as a predicate (as in „It`s a Chair“). So, to create a name for the universal distinctiveness of the chairs, take the „chair“ predicate and add „ness,“ which gives „presidency.“ From a broader perspective, the main positions are generally regarded as classified points of view: extreme realism, nominalism (sometimes simply referred to as „antirealism“ in terms of universality) , moderate realism and idealism. Extreme realists use the existence of independent and abstract universalities to account for attributes.