The case for harmonizing technical rules is well known. Harmonization is needed for the connection and compatibility of product parts, i.e. telecommunications equipment or auto parts. Otherwise, the lack of technical compatibility could create barriers to international trade. For example, TVs adapted to the U.S. market would be unsellable in Europe due to different color transmission formats (NTSC vs. PAL or SECAM). To be marketable in the UK, French or German vehicles must also be adapted to right-hand driving. The costs of designing, manufacturing and delivering the same product in different configurations can be high. What are the causes of technical barriers to trade? One of the objectives of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Technical Barriers to Trade (OTC) agreement is to ensure that technical regulations, product standards and compliance assessment procedures (testing and certification procedures) do not create unnecessary trade barriers. keen to ensure that technical rules and standards, including packaging, labelling and labelling requirements, and procedures for assessing compliance with technical rules and standards do not create unnecessary barriers to international trade; The WTO secretariat for developing and least developed countries in OBT cases often takes the form of regional or sub-regional seminars.
Technical assistance seminars have recently been held in collaboration with other international and regional organizations. The free trade agreements concluded by the United States also contain a chapter containing provisions on technical barriers to trade that must be respected in order to seek preferential treatment under the agreement. These chapters can be accessed through free trade agreements. The TBT agreement was negotiated as part of the Uruguay Round multilateral trade negotiations, which were concluded in April 1994. It has expanded to a stricter code of standards, adopted in a previous round of trade negotiations. All WTO members (offsite link) are parties to the TBT agreement, which came into force on 1 January 1995 and has no expiry date. The difference between technical regulation and A standard. All OBT members are required to set up „demand points“ that are also known as the „TBT Window“ – offices that provide information on technical regulations, testing procedures and compliance with various international standards in the country. The committee is responsible for conducting an annual review of activities related to the implementation and implementation of the OBT agreement, including notifications, specific trade issues, technical assistance activities and OBT litigation. The last annual report was distributed in February 2020.
As explained in the previous section, proof of compliance with technical rules can impede international trade. If products are to be exported to multiple markets, several tests may be required.